State of Wyoming general data
- Time zone: 8 hours less than Italy
- Capital: Cheyenne
- Main towns: Casper, Gillette, Laramie, Rock Springs, Sheridan.
- Area: 253.337 km²
- Population: About 580,000 inhabitants.
- Population density: 2,2 residents / km²
- State abbreviation: WY
- Entry into the United States: It joins the United States on July 10, 1890, it is the 44th state to join the union.
According to thembaprograms.com, Wyoming is a state divided into two major physical regions, the Great Prairies region and the Rocky Mountain region. It has a remarkable average height of 2,044 m, and a maximum height located on Mount Gannett, 4,210 m, and the lowest point in the bed of the Belle Fourche river, 946 m. In general, the state can be described as a succession of plains, mountains and deserts.
The Great Plains are located in the eastern region of the state (east of the Rocky Mountains), while the Rocky Mountain range crosses Wyoming from northwest to south. There are numerous plateaus, some above 2,000m. The most important mountain ranges are the Laramie Mountains, to the south-east, where there is Mount Medicine Bow, 3,660 m, the Bighorn Mountains, in the central-northern part whose highest point is Mount Cloud, 4,000 m, the Absaroka mountain range, to the north-west, where Mount Francs is located, 4,080 m, the Teton mountain range, with the Grand Teton, 4,195 m. and the Wind River chain, where Mount Gannett and other mountains with altitudes exceeding 4,000 m are located. The rivers that originate in Wyoming feed the waters of the great basins of the United States: the Mississippi-Missouri basin, that of the Columbia River, and that of the Colorado River. Most rivers flow north to flow into the rivers of the Mississippi-Missouri system, such as the Yellowstone, Bighorn, Tongue, Powder, Cheyenne, Niobrara, and North Platte rivers. The Green River is the most important of those that flow into the Colorado River. The Snake and Salt Rivers join and are tributaries of the Columbia River, while the Bear River flows into Utah into the Great Salt Lake. Wyoming has numerous lakes such as Yellowstone, Jackson, Fremont, Shoshone, and other artificial ones, such as Pathfinder, Seminoe, Glendo,
Flora and fauna – About 16% of Wyoming’s land is covered with forests (pine, fir, poplar). Grasslands and steppes cover the plains and arid zones respectively.
The grizzly bear is an endangered species, while brown and black bears are still relatively numerous. Other wildlife include moose, deer, mountain lions, antelopes, prairie coyotes, beavers, and weasels.
The climate – Wyoming is cold and dry, with variations determined by altitude. In regions with average altitudes, close to 2,000 m, the average annual temperature is 8 ° C. The thermometer records in July an average temperature of 10 ° C in the mountainous area, and of 24 ° C in the hottest areas, while in January the average temperatures oscillate between -12 ° C and -2 ° C. Average rainfall in Wyoming is 382 mm, which is why the state has a semi-arid climate, although in the western region, annual rainfall is less than 100 mm, typical of an arid climate.
Cheyenne – capital of Wyoming
According to countryaah.com, Cheyenne is a city in the United States, capital of the state of Wyoming, at the foot of the Rocky Mountains. It is the commercial, distribution and shipping center of the surrounding region, devoted to the breeding of sheep and cattle. It also has refineries, and petroleum and chemical derivatives industries, fertilizer factories.
According to topschoolsoflaw.com, among the places of tourist interest, the capitol building built in 1887, the governor’s palace which was occupied between 1925 and 1927 by Nellie Taylor Ross, the first woman in the United States to occupy this post, and the library and the Wyoming State Museum. You can learn about Cheyenne’s past at the Cheyenne Frontier Days Old West Museum, which has hundreds of antique saddles and chariots, such as the historic Deadwood Stage stagecoach.
The era of the ‘Wild West’ is recreated in Frontier Days, an annual rodeo festival that has been held in Cheyenne since 1897.
This settlement was originally populated by the Cheyenne Indians, hence its name, and was not inhabited by white immigrants until 1867, when an intersection of the Union Pacific railway lines was built. When the railroad came, the company had to resort to the army to clear out the Hell on Wheels brigade, a mix of gamers, bums and gangsters, who were hindering the construction of the railroad. At that time it was very common to reclaim land to resell it for profits, and then move to another point of the planned route and repeat the operation. From that moment a fort was built to protect the railway, since then, Cheyenne has always had a high military presence. In 1869 it was designated as the capital of the Wyoming Territory and in 1890, when Wyoming joined the Union, Cheyenne became its capital. This city began to grow in the 1870s, thanks to the proximity of the Black Hills gold fields and becoming the main center of cattle. The large military installations in the western part of the city were expanded in 1957, housing the first ICBM base in the United States. Francis E. Warren Air Base is nearby.