Slovenia Agriculture and Fishing Overview

Slovenia Facts

In recent years, Slovenia has grown in popularity as a tourist destination and is especially suitable for active holidaymakers. Its nature ranges from snow-capped mountains to sandy beaches and forest-lined mountain lakes, and there are also ski resorts in the country.
Capital: Ljubljana
Official language: Slovenian
Currency: Euro
Passport and visa: When traveling to Slovenia, Finnish citizens need a passport or identity card. Time difference to Finland : -1


Agriculture accounts for a couple of percent of GDP in Slovenia, less than in other former Yugoslav republics. Many Slovenians, however, run small farms alongside their regular jobs, so unofficially the proportion is higher.

  • CountryAAH: Comprehensive import regulations of Slovenia. Covers import prohibitions and special documentation requirements for a list of prohibited items.

About a quarter of the country’s land is used for some form of agriculture. More than half are pastures; Meat and dairy products are the most important agricultural products. The most common crops are maize, wheat and other cereals as well as potatoes, sugar beets and fruits, especially grapes for wine production.

Most farms are small and most of the farmland is privately owned. For Slovenia defense and foreign policy, please check relationshipsplus.

The Slovenes are proud of the breeding of breed horses in the village of Lipica, where the famous Lipizzan horses originate. Austria and Slovenia repeal the right to the term “lipizzaner”.

More than half of the land area is covered by forest, which is a larger proportion than all countries in Europe except Finland and Sweden. Some make up old overgrown arable land, at the end of the 19th century, only about a third of Slovenia was wooded.

The forest is a raw material for the production of paper and paper products, but is an underutilized natural resource. About a third of the forest is owned by the state. Whether forest lands once confiscated by the state during the communist era should be returned to the former owners, mainly the Catholic Church, is a political dispute.

Slovenia has no fish industry of importance.


Agriculture’s share of GDP

1.9 percent (2018)

Percentage of land used for agriculture

30.7 percent (2016)

  • Offers how the 3-letter acronym of SLO stands for the state of Slovenia in geography.



Regional Special Forces

November 29th

Slovenia, together with Bulgaria, Croatia and Hungary, are setting up a dedicated NATO-sponsored Air Force to combat terrorism in North Africa / the Mediterranean.

Declaration of mistrust against the government

November 23

SDS leader Janez Janša submits a statement of confidence against the Liberal center government under Miro Cerar, which is however rejected. It is seen primarily as a prelude to the general election movement ahead of the 2018 parliamentary elections.

Basic protection for clean water

November 17

Parliament adopts a constitutional amendment which means that access to drinking water becomes a fundamental right for citizens, and that water resources cannot be commercialized; The amendment is adopted by 64 votes in favor and not against. Members of the Slovenian Democratic Party cast their votes. Slovenia will be the first in the EU with constitutional protection for water, but 15 other countries in the world already have similar protection in its constitution.

medical strike

November 8

The doctors go on strike for higher wages and better working conditions. The government rejects the requirements, which they believe would lead to other groups also demanding more than the budget allows.


New finance minister appointed

September 21

Mateja Vraničar Erman, who for six years has been secretary of state in the Ministry of Finance, is appointed new finance minister after Dušan Mramor (see July 2016).


International military exercise

22 August

The Slovenian Air Force will train for five days in Slovenia with the US Air Force within the framework of the international military exercise Goshawk Thunder 2016.


Visit by Putin

July 30

Russian President Vladimir Putin makes a quick visit to Slovenia to honor the memory of Russian soldiers who fought there during the First World War. However, the visit is used at the same time for talks with the Slovenian political leaders on relations between Russia and the EU / NATO.

The Minister of Finance resigns

July 13

Finance Minister Dušan Mramor resigns for personal reasons and is temporarily replaced by Development Minister Alenka Smerkolj. Under Mramor, the economy has stabilized and Slovenia’s credit rating has increased. Mramor was named the best finance minister in Europe in January by a London-based magazine.

Polisrazzia against the central bank

July 7

In a large coordinated intervention against, in particular, the central bank, but also other financial institutions, the police seize extensive documentation to use in a preliminary investigation of financial irregularities. These would have been committed in connection with a rescue operation in 2013 against the Slovenian banking sector, which was then on the verge of collapse. The action is strongly criticized by the President of the European Central Bank, Mario Draghi, who is threatening legal action against Slovenia, as the ECB does not include public documents seized.


Stronger asylum laws

April 24

New, tougher asylum legislation – among the most stringent in Europe – comes into force. Among other things, the one-off contribution of € 288 that all refugees receive is deducted, you are allowed a maximum of three days to appeal a rejection decision, and above all, anyone who comes to Slovenia via a so-called safe country (ie in principle all of Slovenia’s neighboring countries) can count with being rejected.


The Balkan route is closed

March 9

Once the EU and Turkey have reached a proposal for an agreement on the refugee issue, Slovenia will close its borders to anyone except those who have valid travel documents, seek international protection or have humanitarian reasons. According to Prime Minister Miro Cerar, it is a way of restoring the Schengen rules with passport freedom for the member states but tough border control outward. Croatia, Serbia and Macedonia follow the example of Slovenia, which means that the so-called Balkan route for migrants is closed, and thousands of refugees are at risk of being caught in Greece and forced to seek alternative, more dangerous routes into Europe.

Slovenia Agriculture and Fishing