According to Ethnicityology, the capital of Indonesia and at the same time its largest city – Jakarta is located on the northwestern coast of the island of Java. This city has many faces, and its distinctive feature is that there are many so-called “national” quarters, each of which has its own unique character and appearance. The historical center of the city is considered to be a square laid out of stone tiles – Taman Fatahila, located in the Kota region. This old square is surrounded by the same ancient and beautiful buildings that overlook the banks of the canal. The second largest attraction in the country is Merdeka Square, which houses a 132-meter monument (Monas). Near the square is also the Indonesian Historical Museum, which exhibits interesting ethnological exhibits and entire collections. Jakarta is a very large city with about 15 million people, so the capital is considered to be overcrowded. Outside the historic districts and business centers of the capital, there are poor areas that tourists are not recommended to travel to. Not far from Jakarta lies the city of Bogor, considered the best mountain resort in the country. However, in addition to a wonderful holiday in the mountains, here you can go on interesting excursions to the Sokarno summer presidential palace, near which there is a zoological museum rich in exhibits. No less interesting is the mountain resort of Bandung, which is famous for its museums and the Dago waterfall. Here you can see the picturesque surroundings of the Tangkuban Praya volcano. If you are going to relax on the beach, then there is a place for you, since not far from Bandug are the prestigious beaches of Anyer and Karang Bolong and hot springs. However, despite the large number of interesting places, many tourists visiting Indonesia consider Bali to be the main purpose of their trip. This is not strange, since at the moment this island is the most developed territory for tourists. The capital of the island is Denpasar, which, unlike most major Asian capitals, is very quiet and full of greenery. The air here is clean and filled with the aromas of flowers, at first glance it is difficult to say that this is the capital. Almost all buildings in the city have traditional architecture, the city is full of interesting cultural places: the Negen-Propinsi Ethnographic Museum, the Arts Center and much more. Tourists are attracted by the untouched landscape, dense tropical forests, a walk through which can be a real adventure and the best resorts in the country with blue lagoons. The island has the only national park (Bali Barat), which is spread over an area of 20 thousand hectares. Thousands of the most exotic plants and animals live in this national park, but the most amazing thing is that you can meet all this diversity of the wild world not only in the national park, but also in tropical forests and jungles that have remained almost untouched. A real paradise for lovers of active tourism is the island of Sulawesi. The fact is that various tribes still live on the territory of this small island between the mountain valleys. In addition, here in the Manado Bay area, there are some of the best coral reefs in Indonesia, which attract diving enthusiasts from all over the world. The fifth largest island in the world is Sumatra. Due to the presence of volcanoes, the island has the best beaches with dark sand and the purest mountain lakes, and due to its long history, the place becomes interesting not only for recreation, but also for visiting the ruins of ancient palaces and temples. If you want to make your vacation unforgettable, then the best solution would be the prestigious resort of Parpat, located on the picturesque shores of the volcanic lake Toba. In the north of Sumatra, its main advantage is located – the country’s largest reserve “Gunung-Luser” in which the rarest Sumatran rhinos and other exotic animals live and are protected.
National cuisine of Indonesia
All Indonesian islands are known for their unusual cuisine. A characteristic feature of Indonesia is the combination of Asian (mostly Chinese) culinary traditions with Indian ones. Each province has contributed to the development of national cuisine. The main component of any Indonesian dish is considered to be rice, which is cooked insipid and used as a side dish that will emphasize the taste of the main dish. In addition to the function of a side dish, rice is used to make noodles, pastries and other products. In the east of the country, dishes with the use of legumes and grains are the most popular. The most popular dishes here are fried bananas, vegetable salad, fried rice with vegetables, pickled mango, etc. Since Islamic traditions prevail in the country, local chefs almost never cook pork dishes, but other types of meat and seafood have found very wide use. The main condition of the local cuisine is the use of a huge amount of spices and various sauces, which in some cases are very spicy. Of the seasonings, pepper, nutmeg, peanuts, soy are most often used, and curry sauce and soy sauce are common among sauces. For fruit lovers, there are many unusual fruits that the locals consume in large quantities.