According to abbreviationfinder, Salzburg is an Austrian state with an area of 7 156 km 2 and 549 300 residents; The capital is Salzburg. The state stretches on both sides of the Salzach and has numerous hydropower plants. Sources of income for the population are the livestock and timber industry, salt and copper ore mining and tourism. The head of government has been Wilfried Haslauer (* 1956, ÖVP) since 2013.
In a comparison of the federal states, Salzburg ranks first in terms of economic power with a gross domestic product (GDP) per resident of (2016) € 48,700, closely followed by Vienna, and thus well above the nationwide GDP of € 40,400. Salzburg’s contribution to Austrian GDP is 7.6%. The shares of agriculture, forestry and the industrial sector (including mining, energy and construction) in gross value added (GVA, at manufacturer prices) are 0.9 and 23.7%, respectively, below the national average (Austria: 1.2 and. 27.7%), while the share of the service sector is significantly higher at 75.4% (Austria: 71.0%). In 2016, Salzburg had the lowest unemployment rate in any federal state comparison with 5.6% (national average: 9.1%).
Salzburg: administrative structure
|Salzburg: Administrative division (2017)|
|Administrative unit||Area (in km 2)||Ew.||Ew. (per km 2)|
|Salzburg area||1 004||149 900||149|
|Sankt Johann im Pongau||1 755||79 900||46|
|Tamsweg||1 020||20 400||20th|
|Zell am See||2 641||86 900||33|
|City with its own statute|
|Salzburg||66||152 400||2 321|
In the agriculture and forestry work (2016) 4.1% of the workforce (Austria: 4.3%). A total of 15.9% of the total area is used for agriculture and 39.8% for forestry; the share of the alpine area is 25.3%. Salzburg is primarily a cattle breeding area (cattle, but also horse breeding), concentrated on the alpine valley and high elevations. Milk and meat production dominate, arable farming is of little importance. Forestry serves primarily as a supplier of raw materials for the paper and wood processing industry.
Mining and energy: With the exception of the mining of tungsten in Mittersill, mining is of no economic importance. Salt mining on the Dürrnberg near Hallein is now only operated in a show mine. Electricity production in hydropower plants is important for energy generation, especially in Kaprun and in the Stubachtal.
Industry: The production of material goods is concentrated in the area around the cities of Salzburg and Hallein. The most important industries are metal production and processing (including mechanical engineering), food and beverage industry, wood and paper processing (including printing and publishing).
Service Sector: Salzburg has developed into the hub of the import trade (especially general importers of the German automotive industry) and is among other things. dominated by wholesalers. 70.9% of the employed work in the service sector (Austria: 70.1%).
Tourism: With (2015) 26.2 million overnight stays (of which around 77% foreigners), Salzburg ranks second after Tyrol in the national tourism statistics. In addition to the city of Salzburg, the main tourist attractions are the Hohe Tauern (Grossglockner High Alpine Road, the Gastein with Bad Gastein, Kaprun reservoirs, Krimmler waterfalls, Gerlosplatte, Tauernpasshöhe), the Radstadt Tauern and the Kitzbühel Alps (Saalbach-Hinterglemm winter sports area, Lake Zell) as well as the Salzkammergut with the Wolfgangsee.
The area of Salzburg belonged to the 15 BC BC Noricum province conquered by the Romans. A brisk trade (salt, marble) with Aquileja developed through the Roman Municipium Iuvavum (today’s Salzburg). Although the Romans withdrew in the 5th century AD, the Romanesque remains of the population persisted at least into the 8th century. The Celto-Roman rural population was only overlaid by the Germans north of Iuvavum when the Bavarians took possession of the area in the 6th century. In 696/700 Rupert (who later became the national saint) founded the St. Peter monastery. 739 was made by Boniface the diocese of Salzburg reorganized; he was responsible for the missionary work of the south-east of the Frankish Empire; it experienced an economic and political upswing after it was led by Pope Leo III. 798 had been raised to the archbishopric and had received immunity and protection of the king (only documented since 816). The donation of Emperor Otto II in 977 created the prerequisites for the formation of a closed rule as the core of the later spiritual territory, the basis of which was then v. a. by Archbishop Konrad I (* 1075, † 1147) were created. In the 13th century the diocese enforced its sovereignty in the entire area from the lower Salzach and Alz (outflow of the Chiemsee) to the Tauernkamm and from the Gerlos Pass to the Murtal and in the 14th century it developed its own land law. The archbishops were entitled to customs and mining law as well as the sovereignty of coins. The economic boom was founded by v. a. on salt and copper ore mining. During this time the cities of Hallein, Radstadt, Laufen (as well as Pettau [Ptuj] and Friesach outside the country) were created.
From the 15th century onwards, Salzburg became more and more dependent on the Habsburgs, who, as emperors, influenced the occupation of the archbishopric. The secularization of the cathedral chapter (1514) and the related disputes between archbishop and cathedral chapter as well as the Reformation (from 1520) and peasant uprisings (suppressed 1525/26) plunged the country into a crisis. After the Reformation had initially achieved great success, the Counter Reformation was able to gradually push back the Protestants in the second half of the 16th century, but expulsions (exiles) were still carried out in 1731/32. In 1803, Salzburg became an electorate as a Habsburg secondary school; In 1805, Salzburg and Berchtesgaden initially fell to Austria, which had to cede both areas to Bavaria in 1810.
In 1816, Salzburg (excluding the Rupertiwinkel located on the Salzach and Saalach) finally came to Austria. In 1850 Salzburg became the Austrian crown land. From 1861 there was a state parliament for Salzburg, from 1867–1918 it belonged to the Zisleithanien part of the empire, and in 1920 it became an Austrian state. In the meantime (1938–45) it belonged to the German Empire as Reichsgau Salzburg. 1945–2004 provided the governor of the ÖVP; From 2004 to 2013 Gabi Burgstaller (* 1963; SPÖ) acted as governor. Wilfried Haslauer (* 1956; ÖVP) has been state governor since 2013, in a second legislative period since May 28, 2018 in one of the ÖVP, Greens and NEOS existing government.