Oman Mountains, Rivers and Lakes

According to Baglib, Oman is a country located in the Middle East on the Arabian Peninsula. It has a total land area of 309,500 square kilometers and is bordered by the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and the Gulf of Oman. The geography of Oman can be divided into four main regions: desert, coastline, mountains, and oases.

The desert region covers much of Oman’s land area and is characterized by its rolling sand dunes and stark beauty. The Empty Quarter is one of the most impressive features of this region and stretches across parts of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Oman. The coastal region includes some of Oman’s most important ports such as Salalah in the south and Sohar in the north. Here you will find sandy beaches with crystal clear waters as well as mangroves that are home to a variety of wildlife.

The mountain region is located in northern Oman where it forms part of the Al Hajar mountain range which stretches across parts of Iran and UAE. This mountain range rises to an elevation over 3 thousand meters above sea level at its highest peak making it one of the tallest mountain ranges in Asia. Here you will find a variety of flora and fauna that are unique to this part of the world including leopards, hyenas, ibexes, wolves among other species.

Finally there are oases scattered throughout Oman which provide a vital source for food production as well as being popular tourist attractions due to their lush vegetation and natural beauty. These oases are usually surrounded by date palm groves which provide shade from the hot desert sun while also producing dates for export or local consumption.


The Hajar Mountains is one of the major mountains in Oman. It is a mountain range extending from the United Arab Emirates to the north and east, and reaching its highest point at Jebel Shams. The Hajar Mountains is known for its dramatic landscapes, including deep canyons, towering cliffs and rolling hills. The area is also home to a variety of flora and fauna, making it an ideal destination for nature enthusiasts. Other notable peaks in the Hajar Mountain range include Jebel Akhdar, Jebel Misht and Jabal al-Akhdar. All three of these peaks are popular with hikers and climbers due to their challenging but rewarding climbs. The Al Hajar Mountains are also home to a number of villages where traditional Middle Eastern culture can still be found. These villages provide visitors with an insight into local life in Oman and are great places to explore on foot or by bike.


The largest river in Oman is the Wadi Al Batin, which flows from the Hajar Mountains in the north and empties into the Arabian Sea. The second largest river is the Wadi Dayqah, located on the east coast of Oman near Sur. This river has been used since ancient times for irrigation and fishing. Along its course, it passes through several villages, providing water for agricultural activities and sustaining local wildlife. The third major river in Oman is Wadi Bani Kharus, located in Musandam Governorate. This river originates from Musandam’s mountains and flows into the Gulf of Oman. It is an important source of irrigation water for local farmers who grow vegetables and fruits along its banks. Further north lies Wadi Jizzi which originates in Dhofar Governorate and flows into the Gulf of Oman near Sur. This river also provides water to local farmers who cultivate date palms along its banks. In addition to these four major rivers, there are many other small streams that flow through various parts of Oman such as Wadi Shab, Al Khawr, Al Ghubrah and Al Ashkharah. These small streams are important sources of fresh water for local communities and provide a habitat for various species of fish, birds and other wildlife.


Oman is a desert country, yet it is home to many beautiful and diverse lakes. The largest and most well-known of these is Lake Daymaniyat. This natural saltwater lake lies in the Al Batinah region of Oman and is home to a wide variety of birds, fish, and other aquatic life. The lake’s waters are shallow, reaching depths of only around three meters near its center. The water temperature remains cool even in the summer months due to the surrounding mountains and mangroves which provide shade. In addition to its abundance of wildlife, Lake Daymaniyat is also a popular destination for swimming, boating, fishing, and camping.

Another notable lake in Oman is Wadi Shab. This freshwater lake lies within an oasis valley at the base of the Hajar Mountains in Muscat Governorate. It is fed by several mountain streams that eventually merge into a single river that flows through the valley before emptying into the sea. Wadi Shab features stunning scenery with lush vegetation along its banks and steep cliffs rising above it on either side. Its crystal clear waters are ideal for swimming, kayaking, canoeing or simply relaxing on its sandy beaches or grassy banks.

Oman Mountains