According to politicsezine, Oman is a country located in the Middle East, on the southeastern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest. To its east lies the Gulf of Oman, and to its north lies the Arabian Sea. To its south lies Yemen, with which it shares a land border of 676 km (420 mi). Oman also has maritime borders with Iran and Pakistan.
The United Arab Emirates is one of Oman’s closest neighbors. It is home to some of the world’s most iconic cities such as Dubai and Abu Dhabi. The UAE has a population of 9.2 million people and covers an area of 83,600 square kilometers (32,300 sq mi). It is a federation made up of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. The UAE has a highly diversified economy which relies heavily on oil exports as well as tourism and finance sectors.
Saudi Arabia borders Oman to its west across 1,000 km (620 mi) of desert land known as Rub’ al Khali or “Empty Quarter”. Saudi Arabia covers an area of 2,149 thousand square kilometers (830 thousand sq mi) making it one of largest countries in Middle East region by total area. It has a population over 31 million people and is an absolute monarchy ruled by King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud since 2015. Saudi Arabia’s economy is mainly based on oil exports but it also relies heavily on other sectors such as finance services and tourism industry.
Government of Oman
According to programingplease, the Government of Oman is a unitary absolute monarchy, with the Sultan of Oman serving as the head of state. The Sultan is advised by a Council of Ministers, which consists of members appointed by the Sultan himself. The Council of Ministers is responsible for formulating and executing government policies and preparing draft laws for consideration by the Majlis al-Shura, or Consultative Assembly. The Majlis al-Shura is an advisory body composed of 83 elected members who represent all governorates in Oman and serve four-year terms. It plays an important role in discussing and debating laws, as well as expressing public opinion on various issues.
The judicial system in Oman is based on a combination of Islamic law (Sharia) and civil law codes derived from other legal systems. The Supreme Court serves as the highest court in the country and has jurisdiction over civil cases involving personal status, inheritance, and endowment; criminal cases; appeals from lower courts; appeals against judgments issued by regional administrative courts; petitions against government organs or officials; and petitions against legal rulings issued by regional administrative courts or lower courts. There are also several specialized courts that deal with specific matters such as labor disputes, family affairs, maritime matters, commercial cases, etc.
Oman’s executive branch is headed by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the Sultan after consultation with his advisers. He appoints other ministers to oversee various departments such as defense, foreign affairs, finance and economy, education etc., which are responsible for implementing government policies at different levels within their respective ministries. The Prime Minister also chairs cabinet meetings where ministers discuss major policy matters before submitting them to the Council of Ministers for approval before they can be implemented.
Recent Heads of Government of Oman
The current Sultan of Oman is Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, who assumed office on 11 January 2020, following the death of his cousin, Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said. He was the Minister of Heritage and Culture in Oman prior to his accession. He is a member of the Al-Busaidi dynasty and is related to previous sultans through his grandfather Taimur bin Feisal. Haitham bin Tariq Al Said has placed a strong emphasis on modernizing Oman, particularly in terms of economic development. He has introduced a series of reforms aimed at diversifying the country’s economy away from its reliance on oil exports and towards more sustainable industries such as tourism and technology. He has also sought to improve education, healthcare, and infrastructure while promoting greater gender equality in society. Furthermore, he has sought to strengthen ties with foreign countries while maintaining an independent foreign policy that emphasizes neutrality and non-interference in regional affairs. As Sultan of Oman, he is also responsible for safeguarding public order and security within his country’s borders as well as protecting its sovereignty against external threats.
Major Political Parties in Oman
The Ibadhism-oriented Islamic Renaissance Party (IRP) is one of the major political parties in Oman. It is a moderate Islamist party that seeks to promote Islamic values and principles in the country. The IRP was founded in 1991 and has since been active in politics, campaigning for social, economic, and educational reforms. The party has several branches throughout the country and has an active presence on social media.
The other major political party in Oman is the Social Liberal Party (SLP). This party was founded in 1995 as an alternative to the traditional conservative parties. It seeks to promote social liberalism and human rights in Oman. The SLP supports free-market economics and advocates for greater civil liberties such as freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and freedom of religion. They also support gender equality and environmental protection. The SLP has become increasingly popular among younger generations due to its progressive stance on issues such as LGBTQ rights, women’s rights, education reform, and economic development.