The buildings most associated with New York are the skyscrapers. As early as the 19th century, the urban development changed from traditional European low-rise buildings to high-rise buildings in the business districts. In August 2008, New York City had 5,538 tall buildings, 50 of which were skyscrapers higher than 200 meters.This is more than any other city in the United States and second in the world after Hong Kong. Being surrounded by water, population density and high real estate prices in the business districts created the largest collection of freestanding office and residential towers in the world.
According to answerresume, New York has buildings in a wide variety of architectural styles. One of the most notable is the Woolworth Building from 1913, a skyscraper with neo-Gothic style elements that can be clearly seen from the street.
Brownstone Row Houses in Harlem from the 19th Century
After the construction of the Equitable Building, the Zoning Resolution was passed in 1916. He required new buildings to be built in stages and imposed conditions on the height of towers to prevent them from taking away too much sunlight. The Art Deco design of the 1930 Chrysler Building with its conical top and steel spire is a reflection of these new demands. It is considered by many experts as the most beautiful building in New York. A good example of the International Style in the United States is the Seagram Building (1957).
The elegant brownstone terraced houses and apartments are typical of the large residential areas that were built during the rapid growth of the city between 1870 and 1930. Stone and brick were the building materials of choice after the construction of wooden houses was restricted after the Great Fire of 1835. Unlike in Paris, where for centuries stone was built almost exclusively with stone from nearby limestone quarries, New York’s building materials came from different quarries, so the stones used vary in texture and color. Typical of many of the city’s buildings is the presence of wooden water towerson the roofs. The board ordered the installation of water towers for buildings higher than six stories because the high water pressure otherwise required would cause the pipes to burst too often. Outlying Garden Towns such as Jackson Heights in Queens became popular during the 1920s. They were easily accessible after the expansion of the subway.
The Guggenheim Museum
There are countless small and large museums and galleries in New York. Founded in 1870, the Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Met) is one of the largest and most important art museums in the world. It is located east of Central Park. The permanent collection contains more than 2 million works of art, including many paintings and sculptures from around the world. There are treasures from Classical Antiquity and work by virtually every European master as well as an extensive collection of American art. A separate branch called ” The Cloisters ” stands in Upper Manhattan and includes medieval art.
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in Manhattan is one of the leading museums of modern and contemporary art in the world. The collection consists of 20th century painting and sculpture, films and photographs and an extensive collection of books. Manhattan is also home to the Museum of Arts and Design. The Brooklyn Museum is the second largest museum in New York after The Met and contains 1.5 million works of art. Egyptian art, contemporary art and art from different cultures are on display. Founded in 1869, the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) is a natural history museum. The museum shows, among other things, stuffed mammalsfrom around the world and remains of dinosaurs and early human ancestors. New York is also home to the Guggenheim Museum, which mainly exhibits 20th-century painting and which, partly due to the special architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright, is one of the most important museums of modern art in the world. The Museum Mile runs from 82nd to 104th Street, which is home to nine museums.
Music and Cultural Centers
Lincoln Center, a large complex of cultural institutions
New York has been a center of the American music industry since the first gramophone record recordings in the early 20th century. A number of companies and organizations of this industry have their headquarters in New York. In addition, several editorial boards of leading music magazines are based in New York, such as that of rock magazine Rolling Stone.
Carnegie Hall is one of the most important concert halls in the world, it is mainly used for classical music, the hall is renowned for its good acoustics. The 1890 building was built by the philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. It fell into disrepair but was renovated between 1983 and 1995. Radio City Music Hall is a large concert and theater venue located in Rockefeller Center. It is a rare example of Art Deco style and a major architectural attraction.
The Lincoln Center is a 61,000 m² cultural center that is home to several institutions, such as the Metropolitan Opera, New York Philharmonic, New York City Ballet, Vivian Beaumont Theater and the Juilliard School.
Theaters on 45th Street
The advent of electric lighting led to extensive new theater productions. In the 1880s, a new kind of performance known as the Broadway musical developed in the Broadway and 42nd Street theaters . These productions expressed the feelings of the countless new immigrants. They were acted experiences, supported by song and dance. Hope and ambition were common themes in the songs.
Today, the 39 largest theaters in New York are collectively known as ” Broadway “, named after the high street that runs right through the theater district. These theaters are mainly located near Times Square in Manhattan. Many Broadway shows are world famous, such as the musical Cats and The Phantom of the Opera. The theater district is a popular tourist attraction. In the 2007-2008 season, Broadway theaters sold 12.3 million tickets for $937 million.
Smaller theaters, with between 100 and 500 seats, are called off-Broadway, and if they have less than 100 seats, they are called off-off-Broadway.
The new Yankee Stadium, home of the New York Yankees, opened in 2009
New York has teams in the four major North American professional sports leagues.
New York is one of the few places in the United States where baseball is more popular than American football. There have been fourteen World Series tournaments (a tournament between the champions of the two baseball leagues, the American League and the National League) between New York baseball teams. The two current New York baseball teams in Major League Baseball are the New York Yankees and the New York Mets. The Yankees have won 27 World Series titles, making the Yankees the most successful baseball team ever in Major League Baseball, and the Mets two. The Yankees played their home games at the old Yankee Stadium until 2008. In April 2009, the new Yankee Stadium opened in the Bronx. The Mets play their home games at Citi Field in Queens. The city was also once home to the New York Giants (today the San Francisco Giants) and the Brooklyn Dodgers (today the Los Angeles Dodgers). Both teams went to California in 1958.
With American football, the city is represented in the National Football League by the New York Jets and New York Giants (officially the New York Football Giants). Both teams play their home games at Giants Stadium, which is located across the Hudson River in New Jersey.
The US Tennis Open in Queens is one of the four Grand Slams
The New York Rangers ice hockey club represents the city in the National Hockey League. In the metropolitan area are two other teams, New Jersey Devils and the New York Islanders who play on Long Island. In soccer, New York is represented in Major League Soccer by the New York Red Bulls and New York City FC. The Red Bulls play their home games at the Red Bull Arena in New Jersey while New York City FC uses Yankee Stadium for their home games until their own stadium is ready.
In the National Basketball Association, the New York Knicks basketball team plays, and in the Women’s National Basketball Association, the New York Liberty team plays, which is the female counterpart of the Knicks. The Brooklyn Nets NBA team is also located in the metropolitan area.
Many other sporting events are organized in the metropolis of New York. Queens, in the Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, hosts the US Open, one of the four major Grand Slam tournaments. The New York City Marathon is the world’s largest with the most runners reaching the finish line. Due to its popularity, there is a limit of 37,000 participants. In 1994 New York played host to the World Cup with Giants Stadium.
Food and drink
New York’s food scene has been heavily influenced by the immigrants who have flocked to the city in large numbers. They introduced numerous dishes. Eastern Europeans and Italians made the city famous for its bagels, cheesecake, and pizza. There are many different eateries in New York, from breakfast bars and cafes to bistros and restaurants, American or foreign, from cheap to very chic. The number of foreign eateries is also very diverse, there are Italian, French, Spanish, German, Russian, English, Greek, Moroccan,Chinese, Indian and Japanese restaurants. A number of restaurants have been awarded three stars in the Michelin Guide of North America (2005). Also massively present are the various chains of fast food restaurants such as McDonald’s, Burger King, Pizza Hut and Kentucky Fried Chicken. The coffee chain Starbucks is also a well-known part of the street scene.