New Hampshire State Overview

State of New Hampshire general data

  • Time zone: 6 hours less than Italy
  • Capital: Concord
  • Main towns: Dover, Manchester, NashuaPortsmouth.
  • Area: 24.216 km²
  • Population: 1,330,000 inhabitants approximately.
  • Population density: 54,9 residents / km²
  • State abbreviation: NH
  • Entry into the United States: It joins the United States on June 21, 1788, it is the 9th state to join the union.

According to, New Hampshire is located in the northern region of the Appalachian Mountains. It can be divided into three main regions: the central area, where the White Mountains are located, the coastal plain of the Atlantic Ocean and the fringe of plateaus between the two previous regions. The state’s average elevation is 305m, the highest point being Mount Washington at 1,918m.

The White Mountains that form part of the Appalachian massif, are formed by various mountain ranges, including the Presidential Range, where the Washington, Kinsman and Franconia mountains are located. Other important mountains in this region are the Lafayette, Lincoln, Dixville and Crawford Mountains. In many of these mountains, the thaw has formed impressive gorges. Other formations of interest are the Flume Cascades and the Lost River caves. This region was shaped by the glaciation, which began 70,000 years ago and ended 10,000 years ago.

The highlands of the southeastern state of the state is a region of hills, deep valleys and lakes. The most characteristic feature of this area are the Monadnock mountains, they are some isolated mountains. The coastal plain is a flat area, interspersed with small hills.

New Hampshire is rich in rivers. It has five major catchment areas, those of the Androscoggin, Saco, Connecticut, Merrimack and Piscataqua rivers. It also has more than a thousand natural lakes, many of them formed by glacial action. The most important of them is Lake Winnipesaukee. Other important lakes are Squam, Winnisquam, Newfound, Mascoma and Sunapee.

Mainland New Hampshire has a coastline of only 21km. However, three of the Shoals Islands are part of this state, (Lunging, Star and White).

Flora and fauna – Among the deciduous trees, the most common are the American maple (maple) and the birch. Among the conifers, white pine predominates south of the White Mountains, while various species of spruce are widespread to the north. Wild animals include deer, black bear, beaver, mink, red fox, coon, porcupine, various rodents and more than three hundred species of birds.

The climate of New Hampshire is very diverse, due to the difference in altitude. The average annual temperature is about 7 ° C, this is due to the short and mild summers, and to the long and cold winters, with temperatures on some occasions of -18 ° C. Precipitation, an annual average of 1,060 mm, is evenly distributed throughout the year.

New Hampshire Tourist Attractions – What to See

Lake Winnipesaukee – Surrounded by mountains and dotted with 274 islands, Lake Winnipesaukee is filled with sheltered bays, inlets and tourist towns. The largest and most beautiful is Wolfeboro. To the north is elegant Meredith, with delightful lakeside homes. Continuing north is Squam Lake, ideal for fishing and boating. According to, the town of Center Sandwich is located on the north coast of the lake: surrounded by woods, it is very popular in autumn. A route to be covered by car of 113 km around the lake, touches all three of these locations.

White Mountain National Forest– The most beautiful natural area in New Hampshire. The outdoor activities that can be practiced in this region range from bird watching to rock, from skiing to kayaking. Spectacular scenery of valleys flanked by tall pine forests, waterfalls, and more than 20 peaks that exceed 1200m. A scenic stretch of road is the White Mountains Trail (160km) which winds its way through the Mount Washington Valley via Crawford. Another scenic route is the Kancamagus Highway, which many believe to be the most beautiful road in New England. It is 55km long, traversing the White Mountain National Forest between Lincoln and Conway, offering exceptional views. Close to the White Mountains is the Lincoln / Woodstock region, whose main attraction is Clark’s Trading Post. Lincoln is a great starting point for anyone who enjoys woodland adventures.

Other notable tourist spots include Strawbery Banke, a restored village in Portsmouth, Daniel Webster’s hometown near Franklin, and the Mt. Washington Cog Railway. The Merrimack Valley is the state’s most visited tourist area.

Cultural Institutions in New Hampshire – Most cultural institutions in New Hampshire are located in the cities of Manchester and Concord, although there are major museums and libraries in other urban centers. Among the museums and galleries, the Currier Art Gallery, in Manchester; the Hood Museum, in Hanover, and the Lamont Art Gallery, in Exeter.

According to, the most important cultural associations and organizations are the MacDowell Colony, an arts center that brings together musicians and writers in Petersborough, the Hopkins Center for the Creative and Interpretive Arts, in Hanover, and the New Hampshire Symphony Orchestra, based in Manchester. The American Festival of the Scene is celebrated annually in New Hampshire.

Skiing, camping, hiking, and boating are the most popular outdoor activities in New Hampshire.

New Hampshire State Overview