Nevada State Overview

State of Nevada general data

  • Time zone: 9 hours less than Italy
  • Capital: Carson City
  • Main towns: Henderson, Las Vegas, Paradise, Reno, Sunrise Manor.
  • Area: 286.352 km²
  • Population: 2,900,000 inhabitants approximately.
  • Population density: 10,1 residents / km²
  • State abbreviation: NV
  • Entry into the United States: It joins the United States on October 31, 1864, it is the 36th state to join the union.

According to, Nevada is a mountainous state with an average altitude of 1,680m. The highest point is Boundary Peak, and the lowest in the Colorado River bed, 145m. The state of Nevada is located in the physical region of the great basin of the North American subcontinent, and its territory is crossed by numerous mountain ranges, including those of Humboldt, Shoshone, Monitor and Schell Creek. These mountain ranges are separated by parallel valleys. The wildest area in Nevada is in the west of the state. The Columbia Plateau is a small region in the northwestern sector of Nevada, known to be the most fertile part of the state.

The rivers of Nevada are mainly fed by the melted snow from the mountains and the rains that fall mainly during the spring. The rivers flow into lakes, (many of which evaporate during the summer), with the exception of the Muddy and Virgin Rivers, in southeastern Nevada, which feed the Colorado River. The Humboldt River is the longest in the state and flows into the lake of the same name. Other rivers with characteristics similar to the Humboldt are the Walker, the Carson and the Truckee.

The most important natural lakes are Lake Tahoe, on the border with California, Pyramid Lake which collects the waters of the Truckee River, Lake Walker, Lake Carson and Lake Winnemucca. Lake Mead, Nevada’s premier man-made lake, is part of the Hoover Dam complex, an impressive engineering feat containing water from the Colorado River, which since 1936 has enabled southeastern Nevada irrigation and production of electricity.

Flora and fauna – The vegetation is mainly made up of xerophytic shrubs and bushes, capable of adapting to the aridity of the climate and, often, also to the salinity of the soil. In the mountains, pine and juniper prevail.

Indigenous mammals include deer, coyote, wild rabbit and various rodents. There are also numerous species of birds (pheasants, doves, larks) and reptiles.

The climate – Nevada is varied due to the topography of this state, although in general, it is a semi-arid climate. Indeed, the days are often cloudless, rainfall scarce in the valleys and deserts, and only abundant, moreover, in the form of snow, in the main mountain peaks. The main feature of the climate is explained by the function of the western mountain ranges, which accumulate the cloudiness on the western side caused by the humid winds coming from the Pacific and which prevent precipitation. The differences in temperatures are high. Thus, the southern sector of Nevada enjoys long and dry summers, with average temperatures in July of 30 ° C, while in the north they are shorter and milder, with averages of 21 ° C. In the south, winters are short and mild with average temperatures in January of 4 ° C, while in the north they are colder, -4 ° C on average in January. As already mentioned, rainfall is scarce, to the point that Nevada is the state of the country where there is the least amount of rain, with annual averages ranging between 100 mm in the south and 600 mm in the mountains of the far north. west.

Carson City

According to, Carson is a city and capital of the state of Nevada. It is located in the Eagle Valley, in the western part of the state, near Reno and Lake Tahoe. The city sits on the eastern slopes of the Sierra Nevada, at the western end of the state, about 23km east of Lake Tahoe. Economic activities include cattle ranching and mining (silver deposits), but the city’s main source of wealth is the many gambling halls and casinos where gambling is legally practiced. The climate is semi-arid with average annual rainfall between 125 and 500 mm.

What see– Its main economic resource is tourism, attracted by casinos, as well as by ghost towns and abandoned gold and silver mines, spaces linked to the legend of the Wild West. Its main points of interest are the State Capitol (dating back to 1870), the Governor’s Palace, the Stewart Indian Museum; the Nevada State Museum (located in the old building that housed the United States Mint), where you can admire a large-scale reproduction of a mine, and in which artifacts relating to the history of Nevada are exhibited. The Nevada State Railroad Museum displays about 60 steam trains and freight wagons of the ancient Virginia & Truckee Railroad, carrying the Comstock Lode ores. Trains now offer excursions on summer weekends.

History– According to, the community was founded as a farm by white settlers in 1851, who settled in lands inhabited by Native Americans belonging to the Washoe and Paiute peoples, and took its name from the nearby Carson River. In 1861, Carson City became the capital of the Nevada Territory, and when it entered the Union as a state in 1864, the city remained its capital. Carson City’s growth increased in the 1850s with the discovery of the Comstock Lode silver deposits and subsequent activities associated with them. Until the mining operations ended in 1950, the city served as a center for transporting and processing silver. Until 1893, year in which it was closed, a branch of the United States Mint minted more than 50 million of the famous Carson City silver dollars and other coins. In 1969, Carson City and Ormsby County merged into a single municipal entity.

Nevada State Overview