The Republic of Maldives is an archipelago about 800 kilometers long southwest of the southern tip of India. The Maldives is known for its beautiful nature and stunning sandy beaches.
Official language: Diveh
Currency: Maldivian rupee
Passport and visa: Finnish citizens receive a visa at Malé airport upon arrival.
Time difference to Finland: +3 and in summer + 2
The Maldives has a tropical climate with high temperatures and humid throughout the year. The temperature stays around 30 degrees. The nights are warm. The rainy season is May to November, December to March is the dry season. The rains are deaf. During the rainy months, the sun shines for about 4 hours a day and during drier times 8-9 hours a day.
Agriculture and fishing
The fishing industry is the country’s second most important source of foreign capital. Fish, mainly tuna, constitutes the majority of exports of goods. Agriculture is of less importance in the Maldives where land is scarce and the soil is meager.
- CountryAAH: Comprehensive import regulations of Maldives. Covers import prohibitions and special documentation requirements for a list of prohibited items.
Almost all fish are processed before export, either by freezing, preservation or drying. The catch consists mostly of tuna. For Maldives defense and foreign policy, please check recipesinthebox.
In addition to modern commercial fishing, fishing is also conducted for house needs.
The Maldives mainly grow coconuts, corn, jams and fruits for house use. Stack goods such as rice and wheat are imported, as are many other goods used on the islands.
FACTS – AGRICULTURE
Agriculture’s share of GDP
5.6 percent (2017)
Percentage of land used for agriculture
26.3 percent (2016)
- Abbreviationfinder.org: Offers how the 3-letter acronym of MDV stands for the state of Maldives in geography.
The Maldives leave the Commonwealth
The Maldives’ severely deteriorating relations with the outside world get another thorn when the government makes the “difficult but necessary decision” to leave the Commonwealth. The Maldives consider themselves to have been “unfairly” treated by the cooperative organization, which sharply criticized the country for, among other things, the prison sentence against President Nashid (see March 2015) and for a number of human rights violations.
Defamation becomes illegal
9th of August
Parliament adopts a law that makes slander punishable. The law is condemned by the opposition who believe President Yamin is pushing it through to silence his critics. The opposition describes the law as a step back for democracy given that slander was decriminalized in 2009, a year after the Maldives’ transition to democracy.
The Foreign Minister resigns
Foreign Minister Dunya Maumoon resigns because of insoluble disagreements between her and President Yamin, who, against her will, want to reintroduce the death penalty. Maumoon believes that the time to reinstate the death penalty, which has been abolished for more than 60 years, is ill-chosen as the country’s judiciary is being questioned abroad after a series of well-known prison sentences against opposition politicians. Maumoon is the daughter of the dictator Gayum and her departure is, according to judges, part of a growing power struggle between President Yamin and his half-brother Gayum, where the daughter has taken a position for the father.
Journalists are given a professional ban
A Maldivian court is imposing a two-year professional ban on a group of journalists who, in connection with a conflict of ownership, left their jobs at the newspaper Haveeru, which was forced to close. The group left its hires at Haveeru in March 2016 in protest against the editor-in-chief’s limited editorial freedom as the newspaper became increasingly government-critical. The journalists then started an online newspaper, Mihaaru, which is now threatened with closure.
The deposed vice president is sentenced to prison
Deputy President Ahmed Adib is sentenced to 15 years in prison for high treason. He is found guilty of conspiracy to try to assassinate President Yamin by an explosion aboard the president’s boat (see September 2015). Thus, almost all of Yamin’s main political opponents are either imprisoned or forced into exile.
Nashid is granted a trip to the UK
Imprisoned opposition leader Nashid is granted one month’s leave to undergo medical treatment in the UK. The Maldivian government is upset that Nashid, during his London visit, meets British Prime Minister David Cameron ahead of the media.