Lakes in Switzerland Part II

Lake Maggiore

Lago Maggiore [-mad d ʒ o ː re], Lago Verbano, German Maggiore, South alpine border lake through which the border between the Italian regions of Lombardy and Piedmont leads, reaching with its north end to Switzerland (Ticino), 65 km long, 212.5 km 2, 194 m above sea level, up to 372 m deep (average 175 m). The lake, which is elongated from northeast to southwest and carved out by glacial glaciers (multiple staggered terminal moraine in front of the southern end), is bordered in the west and east by Alpine chains, the peaks of which are 2,000 m above sea level. Significant tributaries are in addition to the Ticino (also discharge) the Maggia, which flows into the lake with a delta, the Toce, whose debris load has cut off the small Lago di Mergozzo, and the Tresa. The charming landscape and the mild climate have led to the development of important tourist and health resorts such as Locarno, Ascona, Pallanza, Stresa, which are connected by well-developed lakeside roads and shipping. In the only larger bay, at Pallanza, are the Borromean Islands.

Lake Neuchâtel

Lake Neuchatel, French Lake Neuchatel [lak də NØ ʃ a tεl], Neuchâtel, the largest of the Swiss Jura border lakes, 429 m above sea level between Molassehöhen the east and the first Jura mountains in the west, 215.2 km 2, 38 km long, up to 8 km wide and up to 153 m deep; in the south (near Yverdon-les-Bains) the canalised Orbe (Thielle) flows, in the northeast the canalised Broye (from Lake Murten); in the north outflow through the Zihl Canal to Lake Biel; Neuchâtel is on the north-westbank; viticulture on the western bank slopes. During the artificial lowering of the lake level (1868–81), remains of settlements on the banks of the banks (“pile dwellings”) from the late Neolithic and Urnfields, and in La Tène at the northeast end of the lake, a Celtic sacrificial site was found that was associated with the La Tène culture and the La- Tène period gave the name.

Lake Constance

Lake Constance [after the Carolingian Palatinate Bodman], 535.9 km 2 large Alpine rim lake, with a maximum depth of 254 m (north of Romanshorn).

According to oxfordastronomy, neighboring countries are Germany, Austria and Switzerland. The mean lake level is 395.45 m above sea level for the Obersee and 395.26 m above sea level for the Untersee; With a total bank length of 273 km, the lake holds a water volume of around 48 billion m 3.

The main basin, the Obersee, is 63.5 km long and up to 14 km wide. The two branch basins in the west, the Überlinger See, which extends to the northwest and is 164 m deep, and the shallower Untersee (with Gnadensee and Zeller See), are separated by the Bodan Ridge made of molasses.

Lake Geneva

Lake Geneva, Lake Geneva, French Lac Léman [lak le mã], the largest alpine lake, 372 meters above sea level at the south end on the Swiss plateau, located between the Alps and Jura, 580 km 2 large, 72 km long, up to 14 km wide, up to 310 m deep. The border between Switzerland and France runs through Lake Geneva.

The south end is accompanied by moraines of the Ice Age Rhône glacier, the north-east bank the slopes of the Molasse Mountains (Jorat, Mont Pélerin), the south bank limestone chains of the Chablais. The main tributary from the east is the Rhône, which flows into the lake with a marshy delta, which it leaves again near Geneva. The lake never completely freezes over. The prevailing winds: the “Bise” from the northeast, the “Vaudaire” from the southeast and the “Vent” from the southwest. The fishing provides the »Fera« (white fluff). As a result of the sheltered basin location, the climate is mild, especially on the densely populated northern bank, where there are large wine-growing areas (“Lavaux” to the east, “La Côte” to the west of Lausanne). An important tourism with the centers of Geneva developed around Lake Geneva, Nyon, Vevey and Montreux in Switzerland and Évian-les-Bains and Thonon-les-Bains on the French side.

Prehistory

In the area of ​​the retreat moraines, especially on Mont Salève, there were settlements from the younger Paleolithic (Magdalenian), e. B. Veyrier. During the Neolithic and Bronze Age, when the water level was temporarily lower than it is today, the lake was lined with numerous bank settlements (pile dwellings). In the Celtic and Roman times, Geneva and Lausanne were important ports.

Lakes in Switzerland 2