Murten, French Lac de Morat [lakdm ɔ ra], lake in the Swiss Plateau, east of Lake Neuchâtel, Friborg and (southern) Canton Vaud, 430 m above sea level, 22.8 km 2, up to 46 m deep; flowed through by the Broye (canalised) (discharge to Lake Neuchâtel); Passenger shipping. – Remains of prehistoric bank settlements (“pile dwellings”) from the 4th millennium BC were found on the lake. Proven.
Walensee, lake in the northern Swiss Alps, in the cantons of Glarus and Sankt Gallen, between the Churfirsten in the north and the foothills of the Glarus Alps in the south; 419 m above sea level, 15 km long, 24.2 km 2 in size, up to 150 m deep. Since 1811 the Linth flows into the Walensee near the western end through the Escherkanal, which leaves the lake at Weesen in the Linthkanal.
Lake Biel, Lake Biel, lake in the Swiss plateau, 429 m above sea level, at the southeast foot of the Jura in the canton of Bern, 37.8 km 2 in size, 15 km long, up to 74 m deep; in the south access to Saint Peters Island (on which J.-J. Rousseau lived). The canalized Zihl, which comes from Lake Neuchâtel, flows from the south-west, and from the east, through the Aare-Hagneck Canal, the Aare flows from the east, which leaves it again in the north-east through the Nidau-Büren Canal.
Zuger See, Zugersee, Alpenrandsee in the cantons of Schwyz, Zug and Lucerne, Switzerland, 413 m above sea level, 38.4 km 2 in size, up to 198 m deep. The main tributary is the Lorze, whose mouth and outflow on the northern edge are only 1.5 km apart. There is lively tourism in the delightful shoreline landscapes.
Lake Thun, Lake Thun, Alpenrandsee in the canton of Bern, Switzerland, north of the Bernese Alps, 558 m above sea level, 215 m deep, 47.7 km 2, through which the Aare flows (after it flows through Lake Brienz and the Bödeli, which separates the two lakes has flowed through).
Numerous health and tourist resorts on the banks.
Lake Lugano, in Italian Lago di Lugano, Ceresio [t ʃ e-], Lake Lugano, heavily indented lake on the southern edge of the Alps, mostly (30 km 2) belonging to the canton of Ticino, Switzerland, the northeast end, the southwest part and the enclave of Campione d’Italia to Italy (Lombardy).
According to payhelpcenter, Lake Zurich, the third largest lake in Switzerland, fills an ice age tongue basin between the cantons of Sankt Gallen, Schwyz and Zurich, 406 m above sea level, 40 km long, 1 to 4 km wide, up to 143 m deep, 88.2 km 2 in size. Lake Zurich is separated into the Obersee and the actual Lake Zurich by a moraine wall, over which a 950 m long road and railway embankment, built in 1878, runs (nearby the islands of Ufenau and Lützelau). The Jona, the Wägitaler Aa and the Linth Canal flow into the Obersee; the Linth leaves Lake Zurich in Zurich as the Limmat. In addition to scheduled and excursion boats, »Ledischiffe« (for gravel transports) also operate on the lake.
Lake Lucerne [ f-; after the Waldstätten ], Lake Lucerne, Lake on the northern edge of the Alps, in Central Switzerland, in the cantons of Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden and Lucerne. Lake Lucerne is 434 m above sea level, is 113.7 km 2 in size, up to 38 km long (from the mouth to the outlet of the Reuss), up to 3 km wide and up to 214 m deep (in the Gersau basin). Further tributaries are the Muota, the Engelberger Aa and the Sarner Aa. The southernmost part of the heavily indented lake, the Urner See (on the shore including Rütli, Tellsplatte, Axenstrasse), is dominated by the Uri-Rotstock. At Brunnen it goes west into the basin of the between Rigi and the Unterwalden mountains Gersauer See, after the narrow point between Unter Nas and Ober Nas into Weggiser See, from which to the northeast the Küssnachter See, northwest the Lucerne and southwest the Alpnacher See branch off. Climatically, the lake area is characterized by its location, which is protected from cold north and east winds and is heavily exposed to the foehn (the foehn often causes strong and dangerous storms, especially on Lake Uri), which enables Mediterranean vegetation (sweet chestnuts, figs, etc.) in preferred locations. Thanks to its convenient location on the Gotthard route, the region developed early on into one of the most important tourist areas in Switzerland with the center of Lucerne. The lively shipping traffic on the lake is also primarily used for tourism. Rigi, Pilatus and Bürgenstock are much-visited panoramic mountains.