Kentucky State Overview

State of Kentucky general data

  • Time zone: 6 hours less than Italy
  • Capital: Frankfort
  • Main towns: Bowling Green, Lexington, Louisville, Owensboro, Richmond.
  • Area: 104.659 km²
  • Population: 4,500,000 inhabitants approximately.
  • Population density: 42,9 residents / km²
  • State abbreviation: KY
  • Entry into the United States: It joined the United States on June 1, 1792, it is the 15th state to join the union.

The state of Kentucky sits between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River. The highest point in the state, 1263m above sea level, is in Black Mountain in the southwestern sector, and the lowest point, 78m, in the bed of the Mississippi River as it passes through Fulton County.

According to, the state includes various geographical divisions. To the north lies the Bluegrass region. This is an area of ​​great agricultural and livestock value, particularly for the limestone soils of Lexington-Cynthiana and Mayville-Richmond. The Knobs region, or region of the hills, surrounds the fertile Bluegrass zone, from the upper reaches of the Ohio River to its waterfalls. The Cumberland Plateau, which occupies part of the territory of Virginia, West Virginia and Tennessee, covers a quarter of the state of Kentucky. This plateau is part of the Appalachian system, making it the wildest, highest and most forest rich area in the state. Pennyroyal, (or Mississippi Plateau), is the name of a natural region south of the hills region, between the Cumberland Plateau and the Tennessee River; its soil is calcareous, which is why caves abound, such as Mammoth’s Cave, one of the most visited in the country. In western Kentucky there is a region with large coal resources. In the south of the state is a flat region extending from Florida to Illinois, known as the “Jackson Purchase”, which is an extension of the coastal plain, where tobacco is grown. Kentucky’s last geomorphological division is a narrow strip of rocky land along the banks of the Ohio River, between the Big Sandy and Cumberland Rivers.

The Ohio River is the most important of the many flowing in the state of Kentucky, and flows into the Mississippi. This river marks the border between Kentucky and the states of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. Other important rivers are: the Tennessee, the Big Sandy, the Licking, the Beattyville, the Gree, the Barren and the Cumberland. There are also several man-made lakes, including Kentucky Lake (built by the Tennessee Valley Authority), Barkley and Cumberland.

Flora and fauna –The state is located in the center of the eastern deciduous forest, 48% covered by tall trees, including oak, beech, maple, pine, cedar and poplar. The area is populated by many wild animals, such as deer, rabbits, squirrels. Among the fish species, catfish and perch are particularly popular. Kentucky’s climate is mild, with abundant rainfall. The average annual temperature is between 13 ° C and 16 ° C. In January, the average temperature is 1 ° C, and in July, 25 ° C. Average annual rainfall is 1,100 mm, mainly concentrated between the months of March and June. Thunderstorms are abundant, especially in the south.

Frankfort – capital of Kentucky

According to, Frankfort is located in north-central Kentucky, the state capital, and the seat of Franklin County. Located on the banks of the Kentucky River in the heart of the Bluegrass region, it is an important distribution center for agricultural products, mainly corn and tobacco. Its most important industrial products are clothing, electrical equipment, pneumatic brakes and bourbon. Among the points of tourist interest of note, the State Capitol (1910); the flower clock found in its gardens, the Old State Capitol, (now restored, houses the historical Society of Kentucky) and the Liberty Hall (1796). The pioneer Daniel Boone and his wife Rebecca are buried in the Frankfort cemetery. According to, the founding of Frankfort in the lands of General James Wilkinson was approved by the Virginia assembly in 1786. Although it was given its present name from that same year, until 1830 it was known as Frank’s Ford, in honor of Stephen Frank, a pioneer who he died in 1780 in a shootout with indigenous Americans. In 1792 Kentucky was admitted as a state of the Union, and Frankfort became its capital. The cities of Louisville and Lexington claimed to become the seat of the state government, despite this, Frankfort remained the capital thanks to its privileged geographical position. During the US Civil War (1861–1865), the troops of Confederate General Braxton Bragg encamped in Frankfort, before being driven out by Union forces. The first US Scouts Company was organized in Frankfort in 1909. The town was badly damaged by floods in 1937.

Useful numbers in Frankfort

Emergency Number 911 Columbia Hospital

299 Kings Daughters Dr Frankfort, KY 40601 tel. (502) 839-5575


Frankfort Police Dept.

Frankfort, KY 40601

tel.(502) 011-11

City data

Inhabitants – about 27,000

Area – 39 sq km

Prefix 502

Kentucky State Overview