Georgia State Overview

State of Georgia general data

  • Time zone: 6 hours less than Italy
  • Capital: Atlanta
  • Main towns: Albany, Athens, Augusta, ColumbusMacon, Roswell, Savannah.
  • Area: 154.077 km²
  • Population: 10,200,000 inhabitants approximately.
  • Population density: 66,2 residents / km²
  • State abbreviation: GA
  • Entry into the United States: It joins the United States on January 2, 1788, it is the 4th state to join the union.

The state’s territory can be divided into six physical regions: the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Gulf Coastal Plain, the Piedmont Plateau, the Appalachian Mountains and Valleys, the Blue Mountains, and the Appalachian Plateau.

According to, the state of Georgia has 190 km of coastline, bathed by the Atlantic Ocean, which stretches from the Savannah River, the natural border with the state of South Carolina and the Saint Marys River, which marks the border with Florida. Off the coast, the Sea Islands, which form the natural barrier between the continent and the ocean.

The two coastal plains, that of the Atlantic and that of the Gulf, cover approximately half of the territory of Georgia; these are flat lands, suitable for the cultivation of cotton. In the south of the gulf plain is the Okefenokee Marsh which extends into the state of Florida. North of the coastal plains is the Piedmont plateau, separated from the plain by the Fall Line, a rapid rise in the territory crossed by numerous streams that contributed to the industrialization of the state during the 18th and 19th centuries. This explains why Georgia’s major cities are located on this plateau: Atlanta, Columbus, Augusta and Macon.

To the west of the Piedmont plateau is the Appalachian Mountains and Valleys region, a land rich in agricultural resources. North of the Piedmont plateau, rises the mountain range of the Blue Ridge, a sparsely populated region and where the highest point of the state is located: Brasstown Bald, 1,458 m. The Appalachian Plateau, northwest of the state near Tennessee, is a sparsely populated region as the quality of its land has not favored agricultural activities.

Most of Georgia’s rivers flow into the Atlantic Ocean, after traversing the Piedmont plateau and coastal plains. Among them, the Savannah, Ogeechee, Alapaha, Satilla and Saint Marys rivers stand out for their length. The rest (such as the Chattahoochee, Flint, and Suwanna Rivers) enter the state from Alabama and Florida.

The state has a large number of lakes and reservoirs, including the Clark Hill Reservation, Lake Walter F. George and Lake Sidney Lanier.

Climate– In Georgia a temperate climate prevails, but it varies according to the altitude and due to the effect of polar winds, and winds coming from the Gulf of Mexico. The lowest temperatures are found in the Blue Ridge area, with averages of 4 ° C in winter and 26 ° C in summer. In contrast, the southern coast of Georgia is characterized by a temperate climate, with temperatures ranging between 12 ° C during the winter months and 27 ° C in the summer months. Precipitation is more abundant in the north of the state (1,900 mm per year in the Blue Ridge, sometimes snowy) than in central and southern Georgia. The rains are distributed regularly throughout the year in the north of the state.

Georgia (USA): places to visit

Open to the Atlantic, bordering the two Carolines and Tennessee to the north, Alabama to the west, Florida to the south, Georgia presents many surprises.

In fact, two thirds of this vast state is covered with forests, mainly in the north, where crystal clear lakes and dizzying waterfalls embellish the typical landscape of the Appalachians. The plantations are located in the center, while agricultural development is of more modest proportions to the south-east. Diversified crops have gradually changed the physiognomy of a state that has taken a fruit as a symbol: Peach State. In the far south-east, the change is total: the Okefenokee swamps, a real aquatic jungle, present a very different picture. In no other region has the transition between the “Old South” and the ultra-modern “New South” been so rapid and inexorable as in Georgia. In the old neighborhoods of many cities in Georgia, the echo of the past still resonates with clarity.

Thomasville on the Florida border deserves a special mention: modest in size, but magnificent in the splendor of its countless rose bushes, the “city of roses”. However, no other garden in the state seems to match the splendor of Callaway, southeast of Atlanta. Over a thousand hectares of mountains, lush greenery serves as a backdrop to the parks and golf courses. Not far away is the “Little White House” that Franklin D. Roosevelt had built in Warm Springs.

In the midst of all this delicate vegetation, the Stone Mountain monolith, located east of Atlanta, this bare granite boulder dominates the surrounding plain, with a circumference measuring 8km at the base. A gigantic bas-relief dedicated to the Confederates is carved on the east side of the rock. If Stone Mountain is surprising, Okefenokee Swamp, the largest swamp in the United States, is scary: joking is not recommended. It is much better to let oneself be carried away by the boats that take tourists to the canals that plow this jungle of waters, where cypresses, eucalyptus, laurels and wild roses hide animals that are not entirely harmless.

Savannah– According to, with its parks and elegant houses, it has earned a reputation for sophisticated refinement. Its squares are like parks, full of statues and fountains. Savannah has one of the largest historic neighborhoods in the United States. River Street is one of the city’s central entertainment districts and is filled with seafood restaurants, tavernas and souvenir shops. Upstream, Factors Walk is an impressive cliff-top walk. A few blocks from the river, City Market is another vibrant arts and entertainment district filled with historic buildings. Throughout Savannah, there are historic museum houses illustrating its history, culture, and architecture. A number of museums also illustrate different aspects of the city’s history. If you drive along Highway 80, you will also find Fort Pulaski National Monument, large brick building that rises like a medieval fortress from the grassy plains at the mouth of the Savannah River. Many other attractions are in the surrounding Lowcountry, the coastal and marshy region of Georgia and South Carolina.

Cultural Tourist Places – According to, Georgia has several important cultural institutions. These include the Carter Presidential Center, which houses Jimmy Carter’s (1977-1981) presidency papers. Other equally important institutions are: the Telfair Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Museum of Atlanta, the High Museum of Art, the Museum of Art of Georgia, the National Infantry Museum, the Museum of Coastal History and the Museum Colombo of Arts and Sciences. In Atlanta, the true cultural center of the state, is the Martin Luther King Center for Social Change, where the remains of this defender of civil rights are kept.

Georgia’s leading art institutions are the Alliance Theater, the Atlanta Ballet Company, the Atlanta Opera, the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, and the Savannah Symphony Orchestra.

Important monuments of the state are: the Ocmulgee National Monument (which preserves the remains of an Indian village), the Fort Frederica National Monument (which preserves an 18th century British fort) as well as many parks which preserve and commemorate the great battlefields of the Civil War (1861-1865). These ‘battlefield parks’ are in Chickamauga, Chattanooga and Kennesaw Mountain.

Curiosity– Georgia has teams in the most important professional leagues in the United States: the Atlanta Braves, in baseball; the Atlanta Hawks, in basketball and the Atlanta Falcons, in American football. In addition, golf is very popular. In fact, the Augusta Masters is held in Georgia, one of the most prestigious golf tournaments in the world.

Georgia State Overview