Connecticut State Overview

State of Connecticut general data

  • Time zone: 6 hours less than Italy
  • Capital: Hartford
  • Main towns: Bridgeport, Bristol, New Britain, New HavenStamford, Waterbury, Pueblo.
  • Area: 370 km²
  • Population: 3,600,000 inhabitants approximately.
  • Population density: 250 residents / km²
  • State abbreviation: CT
  • Entry into the United States: It joins the United States on January 9, 1788, it is the 6th state to join the union.

On the Long River of the Tides, it is the meaning of the Indian word Quinnitukq-ut hence the state gets its name. The territory of Connecticut, which is geographically located in the southern part of the Appalachian Mountains, has the following main geographical units: the narrow strip of coastal plain, the ranges of hills, called the Western Upland and East Upland, which extend across the state from north to south, the Connecticut River Valley, where the two ranges of hills and alluvial soils that are excellent for cultivation alternate, and the Northwest Region (which borders the state of Massachusetts), where the Taconic Mountains and the valley of the Housatonic River. Highest point in the state is Mount Frissell.

Connecticut has three major river systems: that of the Connecticut River; formed by the Quinebaug, Shetucket and Thames rivers, and that of the Housatonic and Naugatuck rivers. The Connecticut River flows for over 600km in the central part of the state, from the New Hampshire border. The major tributaries of the Connecticut River are the Farmington, Park, Salmon, Westfield, and Eightmile Rivers. The Hausatonic River that originates in Massachusetts, and its tributary, the Naugatuck, flow in the west of the state. The western lands are washed by the Shetucket rivers and its tributary, the Quinebaug, (which comes from Massachusetts), the Shetucket joins the Yanic River to form the Thames River which flows into the Atlantic, near the city of New London. Other smaller Connecticut rivers are the Pawcatuck, Mystic, Niantic, Quinnipiac, and Saugatuck.

Due to the effect of volcanic activity and glaciation in early geological times, Connecticut has numerous lakes, ponds and waterfalls, which make the landscape very beautiful. The most important lakes, however, are the work of man: Candlewood and Barkhamsted.

Flora and fauna – Approximately 65% ​​of the state’s territory is covered in woods and forests, with trees of both hardwood (white oak, American walnut, ash, maple, beech, elm and birch) and softwood (mainly evergreen); there are numerous flowering species.

The fauna consists of a few large mammals, including the white deer, and many small wild animals, including hares, skunks, possums, raccoons, beavers, squirrels, foxes and many species of birds. The waterways are rich in fish, and marine fauna is still widespread (especially snappers and molluscs).

Climate– The state of Connecticut enjoys a temperate and generally pleasant climate, as it does not suffer from the effects of the polar currents of the North Atlantic. However, it is located in an area often hit by low pressures which make the climate very unstable. Also for this reason, rainfall is abundant, with an average between 900 mm and 1,220 mm, which is distributed regularly throughout the year, although it also suffers from occasional droughts. Precipitation in the form of snow is scarce on the coast and moderately abundant in the north-west region, until the month of March. Temperatures vary between an average of 5 ° C in January and 19 ° C in July in the northwest, and -1 ° C in January and 22 ° C in July on the south coast. The maximum temperatures in summer do not exceed 32 ° C..


Hartford is a city and the capital of Connecticut, United States. It is located at the headwaters of the Connecticut River. It is a city dedicated to commerce and finance, with an activity oriented towards the service sector which, since 1790, emerges as one of the country’s centers in the insurance sector. Weapons, metal items and aerospace equipment are manufactured in Hartford. Remarkable river port, it has mechanical, precision, steel, aeronautical, electrotechnical, chemical, textile, food, tobacco, wood and clothing industries. Among its tourist attractions include the Old State House (1796), by Charles Bulfinch, is the oldest capitol in the country. The State Capitol (1879), a Victorian Gothic building on top of a hill with a glittering gold leaf dome dominates the city landscape, preserves in its historical collections the tomb of Israel Putnam, a general of the American Revolution ( 1775-1783). Nearby, the Center Church has four stained glass windows by the American artist Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933). The Wadsworth Atheneum, Opened in 1844 and considered the oldest art museum in the nation. Elizabeth Park known for its many varieties of roses, and the homes where writers Mark Twain, Harriet Beecher Stowe and Noah Webster lived. The square of the Constitution, inaugurated in 1964, it was an urban renewal project that was highly regarded throughout the country. The area where the city is located was inhabited for a long time by the Saukiog tribe. In 1636, Reverend Thomas Hooker and his assistant Samuel Stone brought most of their congregation there from New Towne, now Cambridge, in the state of Massachusetts. The following year, the settlement was named Hartford, the birthplace of Samuel Stone, in England. Hartford had its golden age in the 19th century when it became a thriving center of the insurance industry. It also became a vibrant cultural center, thanks to the fact that writers such as Mark Twain lived there.

Connecticut State Overview