Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru. It is located in the delta of three rivers on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Initially known only as an important point of entry into the country, Lima has developed into a popular tourist destination, characterized by its historical center, archaeological sites, night life, a multitude of museums, galleries, festivals and folk traditions. Lima’s great museums, displaying priceless ceramics, gold and some of the finest textiles in the world, show in great detail the sophistication, skill and passion of the lost civilizations of Peru. South of Lima is the Huacachina oasis, an exotic paradise. The oasis, the center of which is a small lagoon, is located in the middle of high sand dunes.
Nazca, the capital of the Ica region, owes its economic boom to the nearby Nazca Lines. If it weren’t for these lines, it would be an inconspicuous city in southern Peru with a small airport. You can only see the complete images from the plane, where you become aware of the true dimensions. On an area of 500 km², the Nazca plain shows huge lines or structures of all kinds with a size of ten to several hundred meters, up to 20 km long, e.g. B. Images of people, monkeys, birds and whales. Based on archaeological comparisons of the pictures in the pampas with motifs on ceramics from the Nazca period, it was assumed that the geoglyphs originated during the period of the Nazca culture, which dates from 200 BC. BC and AD 600 is to be settled.
Puerto Maldonado is located in the rainforest of the Amazon lowlands, 55 km west of the border with Bolivia. It owes its name to its discoverer Faustino Maldonado, who discovered the city in 1860 during an expedition to the Amazon lowlands, but has been considered lost since 1861. It is a port because it lies on a tributary of the Amazon, which is an important trade connection. Puerto Maldonado is the place for everyone who wants to see the Amazon side of Peru, experience the steamy depths of the Amazon basin and enjoy nature. The Amazon basin refers to the entire river system that stretches across the northern part of South America. An almost unimaginable whim of nature. In recent years the economy has grown in several areas: tourism is being promoted more, and the building infrastructure is also increasing. That is why new nature reserves are being established. One example of this is Manu National Park, which can be visited from Puerto Maldonado. Visit petwithsupplies for Peru in the Footsteps of the Incas.
Ollantaytambo is a city located in the southern part of Peru, 60 km northeast of Cusco and 2800 m above sea level. Ollantaytambo is the only remaining example of pre-Columbian urban planning. According to a legend, their god Viracocha is said to have instructed the Inca to build the city. In its entirety, it is a monumental architectural work from the Inca period and remains a unique city even by today’s standards. Of course, it is also remarkable that such an old city is still intact and inhabited. The Inca had withdrawn here after the Spaniards had taken Cuzco. The buildings and Inca terraces as well as the narrow streets of the city are still in their original state. The city is breathtaking and therefore a must for everyone
Arequipa is the political, economic and cultural center of southern Peru, in the midst of a fantastic mountain landscape at 2,380 m. The “white” city is particularly worth seeing on a city tour, in front of the impressive backdrop of three extinct volcanoes, the 5822 m high conical Misti, the 6057 m high Chachani and the smaller and more distant Pichu Pichu. In addition, since 1970 it has been possible to visit the Santa Catalina Monastery, which was completely isolated from the outside world for almost 400 years. Not far from Arequipa is the Colca Cañon, the second deepest canyon in the world. At its deepest point it measures 3269 m deep, in contrast to the much better known Grand Canyon with just 1200 m deep is like a little brother. There are rock paintings and caves built by the Collaguas tribe. Also from the Collaguas come straight terraced areas in the higher regions, which are still used agriculturally by the residents today. The picturesque Colcatal was only connected to the outside world by a road in the 1970s. Some Andean condors circling through the air here and give an impressive picture. In contrast to this are the Indians with the traditional colorful costumes of the women, which are still part of the typical street scene. The picturesque Colcatal was only connected to the outside world by a road in the 1970s. Some Andean condors circling through the air here and give an impressive picture. In contrast to this are the Indians with the traditional colorful costumes of the women, which are still part of the typical street scene. The picturesque Colcatal was only connected to the outside world by a road in the 1970s. Some Andean condors circling through the air here and give an impressive picture. In contrast to this are the Indians with the traditional colorful costumes of the women, which are still part of the typical street scene.
A visit to South America is not complete without a visit to the glorious Inca citadel of Machu Picchu. For most, Machu Picchu is the tripthe highlight of your South America experience. The Incas built the city in the 15th century at an altitude of 2360 meters on a ridge in the Andes. The city comprised 216 stone buildings, which were located on terraces and connected by a system of stairs. Various theories have been developed about the meaning and purpose of this city, but since there are no scientific records about it, the archaeological finds basically only allow conjectures. Since the Inca City is in a difficult to access area and there are no roads to get there, there are only two ways to get to the mystical Inca City – by train or on foot. From Cusco to Aguas Calientes, a village at the foot of the Machu Picchu mountain, a railway line was built. The whole Inca Trail takes 4 days on foot.
It is partly in Peru and partly in Bolivia. It is the second largest lake in South America and the highest navigable body of water in the world (3810 m). Indigenous peoples inhabit the ancient villages on some islands. Some of the islands were built by hand from reeds. Around 30 to 50 Uro descendants still live on the around 40 floating islands today, and they now live almost exclusively from tourism. From the Peruvian side, the Capachica peninsula juts out into the lake. The Carus viewpoint is located in the peaceful landscape of the Capachica and offers a magnificent panorama over the lake. On the small peninsula there is also the idyllic and original village of Llachó, where you can get to know the life of Peruvian farmers better. The city of Puno lies on the edge of Lake Titicaca,
If you are traveling the coast of Peru from north to south, you should not miss the following places: The city of Chiclayo is the beginning. It is the perfect starting point for a visit to the spectacular pyramids of Túcume. The pyramids extend over an area of almost 220 hectares, and this is also where the largest pyramid in the world is located. Not far away, in Lambayeque, in the Museum of the “Royal Tombs of Sipán”, the treasures from the tomb of the ruler of Sipán are exhibited. The gold and shell finds are extremely valuable and of unimaginable beauty. To the south of this lies Trujillo, a city in which beautiful buildings from the colonial era, monuments from the period before colonization and modern elements of architecture meet.
The rainforest takes up more than half of the national territory, but only a tenth of the Peruvians make their home here. An incredible biodiversity of animals and plants lives and thrives here in the largest nature reserves in the country with a tropical, humid climate. The longest river in the world, the Amazon, also runs here. The largest city on the river is Iquitos. It is surrounded by branches of rivers and endless green forests and can therefore only be reached by boat or by air. With its elegant villas and tiled buildings, this city has its own charm. The country here is literally bursting with life and diversity.