Atlanta was founded in 1837 as the terminus of two railroad lines. Ten years later it received city rights, but remained only a small center of freight traffic until the beginning of the civil war. As an important traffic junction, the city was a target of the Union troops (northern states) during the civil war. After a 75-day siege, General William Sherman broke the Confederate (Southern States) resistance and nearly burned the city to the ground. In her novel “Gone with the Wind” Margaret Mitchell describes the historical events in the background story. Atlanta was rebuilt very quickly after the end of the civil war and is now considered the “capital of the new South” – and it seems much more hectic than its neighbors.
According to itypemba, Atlanta is considered one of the top business cities in the USA and boasts the headquarters of companies such as news and media giant CNN, airline Delta Air Lines, home improvement chain Home Depot, beverage company Coca Cola and parcel delivery service UPS. Atlanta Airport is the busiest airport in the world and the hub of the entire Southeast. In 1996 the Summer Olympics were held here. More than two million visitors came to the city, which had realized construction projects worth two billion dollars on the occasion of this mega event.
One of the city’s most famous sons is Martin Luther King, who was born here in 1929.
Location and Size
Atlanta is the capital and also the largest city of the US state of Georgia. The city covers an area of 343 km² between the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains and is 320 m above sea level.
Over 60 percent of the approximately 420,000 residents are African American.
Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport (ATL) is located 10 miles south of Atlanta.
Atlanta has a mild climate all year round. Spring delights with warm and fairly dry weather, with daytime temperatures that can reach as high as 27°C.
In summer, warm and humid weather prevails. July is the hottest month with daytime temperatures hovering around 32°C. The occasional thunderstorm or rain is nothing out of the ordinary. Winter
lasts from November to March. The coldest months are December, January and February with daytime temperatures around 12°C. Temperatures can also drop below freezing at night. From December to April it can be very rainy and cool.
|Average temperatures in Atlanta in °C|
In Atlanta, you wear what you like, depending on the temperature. When visiting one of the city’s more elegant restaurants, however, a certain chic is definitely appropriate.
Attractions in Atlanta
World headquarters of the American news channel Cable News Network (CNN). It is connected to the multifunctional arena Philips Arena and is in close proximity to the Centennial Olympic Park. Since its inception in 1980, CNN was the first television network to provide 24-hour daily coverage. Many of the world’s most significant events were also broadcast live. Today, the mostly political programs reach more than 93 million US households. Various exhibitions document the history of the station and reports from the past 25 years with interesting background information. Visitors can take guided tours of the center’s studios and control room. 1 CNN Center, 190 Marietta St, NW, Atlanta, GA 30303
The Georgia Aquarium near Centennial Olympic Park in downtown Atlanta is one of the largest aquariums in the world. The imposing blue metal and glass complex, designed to resemble an ark, was financed with generous donations from several well-known companies in the region. Around 120,000 animals from 500 species are kept in a species-appropriate manner here in aquariums with a total of 31,000 cubic meters of water. Other attractions include a 4-D cinema hall and the 30m long, glass Ocean Voyager Tunnel, which leads through the tank with whale sharks and giant manta rays and offers visitors unforgettable impressions. A ‘touch pool’ with some harmless marine life is also available to visitors. 225 Baker Street NW
World of Coca Cola
Created in Atlanta in 1886, the drink was first served at a small stand near Underground Atlanta and is now sold in more than 200 countries. The interactive exhibition of the World of Coca-Cola documents the triumph of black sugar effervescence and tells the incomparable success story of the past, present and future of one of the most well-known brands in the world. With the relocation of the premises to the area in the immediate vicinity of the Georgia Aquarium and the Centennial Olympic Park, the world’s largest exhibition with historical collectibles, pop art objects and over 60 different Coca-Cola products became possible. Visitors can experience a demonstration in the 4-D cinema hall and taste their way through numerous products that the beverage giant sells worldwide.
121 Baker Street NW, NW Atlanta, GA 30313
Centennial Olympic Park
The facility was originally built for the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games and was funded in part by the sale of 800,000 engraved paving stones to private individuals, which were then used extensively as pavement material. One of the park’s highlights is the Fountain of Rings, an interactive fountain in the shape of the five Olympic rings that uses computer-controlled lights and 251 water jets to shoot water up to 10m into the air to the rhythm of the music. In addition to numerous sculptures, there is also a small amphitheater where concerts are regularly held in the summer. After the end of the Olympic Games, urban development led to the construction of the Georgia Aquarium and the World of Coca-Cola in the immediate vicinity of the park. International Blvd. and Techwood Drive.
Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site
The crypt of Nobel laureate Dr. Martin Luhter King is a place of pilgrimage for people from all over the world. She stands next to an eternal flame in an elongated pool of water on the grounds of the Center for Nonviolent Social Change. There is also a gallery of portraits and souvenirs here, and nearby is the Ebenezer Baptist Church, once run by the hero’s father and grandfather. The birthplace of the civil rights activist is in the street to the east. The district is the center of Sweet Auburn, which was the African American neighborhood of Atlanta in the early 20th century. 450 Auburn Ave.