Arkansas State Overview

Arkansas general data

  • Time zone: 7 hours less than Italy
  • Capital: Little Rock
  • Main towns: Fort Smith, North Little Rock, Pine Bluff,Jonesboro, Fayetteville.
  • Area: 539 km²
  • Population: 2,900,000 inhabitants approximately.
  • Population density: 21 residents / km²
  • State abbreviation: AR
  • Entry into the United States: It joins the United States on June 15, 1836, it is the 25th state to join the union.

According to, Arkansas is the name that the Jesuit fathers gave to a Sioux tribe that called the river that flowed in this area. Arkansas, a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, is bordered to the north and northeast by Missouri, to the east by Tennessee and the state of Mississippi, to the south by Louisiana, to the southwest by Texas and to the west by Oklahoma. The Mississippi River forms virtually the entire eastern border. The territory of the state can be divided into two main regions: the highlands of the northwestern area and another of plains that coincides with the coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico.

The inland highlands include the Ozark Mountains, the Ouachita Mountains, and the Arkansas River Valley, which divides the two highland regions. The highest mountain in the state is Magazine Mountain, 839 meters above sea level.

In northern Arkansas Valley are the Ozark Mountains, or Ozark Plateau which extends primarily into southern Missouri. The southern part of the Ozark is known as the Boston Mountains which stretch approximately 300km from east to west. They form the highest part of the Ozarks with mountains 700 meters above sea level.

South of Arkansas Valley are the Ouachita Mountains, which cover a swath of about 80 to 100km, extending from west of Little Rock to Oklahoma. Near the border with Oklahoma they rise up to 800 meters.

The coastal plain of Arkansas stretches across the eastern and southern parts of the state and divides into two sections. The eastern section is formed by the fertile Mississippi floodplain sometimes called the Delta. Before it was used as agricultural land, it was an area of ​​swamps and woods. The plain is interrupted only by a narrow strip of hills, called Crowley’s Ridge, which extend for about 240 km from Helena on the Mississippi River to the north of the Missouri border where they reach a height of about 170 m. In the western part, the coastal plain is crossed by the Saline, Ouachita and Red rivers. Numerous lakes have formed in the meanders of the Mississippi River, of which the largest is the Chicot.

Forests cover 56% (2002) of the state’s territory and major tree varieties include pine, ash, horse chestnut, hawthorn, hickory, maple, oak, and cherry.

Flora and fauna – 2/3 of the forest heritage consists of hardwood trees (oak, ash, cypress, elm and American walnut) common in the Interior Highlands region and in the Mississippi floodplain, while the remaining forests, which include different qualities of pine, are located in the coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico. The fauna, present in large numbers, is made up of deer, red foxes, squirrels, lynxes and weasels. Among the many varieties of birds, ducks, geese, pheasants, woodcocks and quail stand out. The fish heritage consisting of perch, catfish and sturgeon is also important.

The climate is generally mild in winter and hot in summer. Temperatures in Little Rock in January are between -2 and 11 ° C in July they are between 22 and 34 ° C. Average annual rainfall is 1,250 mm, evenly distributed throughout the year, although summer tends to be drier than other seasons.

Little Rock

According to, Little Rock is the capital of the state of Arkansas which constitutes the political, administrative and economic center. Founded in 1820. Little Rock is located on the banks of the Arkansas River, between the Wichita Mountains and the Mississippi Valley. Located at an altitude between 60 and 180 meters above sea level, it has a variable climate, as it suffers the effects of the cold air masses coming from the north and the hot and humid currents originating in the Gulf of Mexico. Hence, Little Rock summers are hot and humid, and winters moderately cold, with strong winds but little snow. Average temperatures in the city are 17 ° C, the annual average, 5 ° C in January and 27.5 ° C during July.

The city offers many interesting buildings, many of which are relics of large plantations from the pre-civil war period. These include the houses of Noland, Woodruff, Conway and the Hinderliter Tavern. All are now museums open to the public. Also worth a visit is the Arkansas Capitol (Arkansas Capitol), a copy of that of Washington. Downtown is the Little Rock River Market District, filled with clubs, restaurants, cafes and shops. Adjacent to the district is the William J. Clinton Presidential Center which houses a library and museum focusing on the life of the former president. The Old State House State History Museum, just west of Main Street, is where Clinton celebrated his presidential victory in 1992 and 1996. In 1957, from an artistic point of view, the most important center of the city is the Robinson Center Music Hall, where most of the plays and performances are performed, and where the Arkansas Symphony Orchestra performs. Other notable institutions in Little Rock’s cultural life are the Arkansas Arts Center and the Opera House. According to, the most important museums in the city are those of Science and History, the Arkansas Arts Center and the Museum of Decorative Arts.

The most important activities of Little Rock are related to the agricultural production of the region. Little Rock Industries process and trade the Arkansas Valley cotton, rice and soybean production. 20% of the employed in the city work in state offices.

The city is an important distribution center.

Arkansas State Overview