Alabama Geography and History

According to deluxesurveillance, Alabama is also called the heart of the South and geographically this is quite similar! The state borders Georgia to the east and Mississippi to the west. The state has more than 4.5 million inhabitants and the capital of Alabama is Montgomery. However, Alabama’s largest city is Birmingham, with a population of approximately 230,000. Tennessee is north of Alabama and Florida is to the south. Alabama is blessed with a small strip of coast that borders the Gulf of Mexico.


Like all southern states, Alabama was a battleground of the American Civil War as well as slavery. In 1819, the state was named the 22nd state of the United States. Because of the fertile ground in Alabama and the relatively flat environment, many whites moved to the area. They took African-American slaves with them who had to grow cotton on the fields of the whites, among other things. Cotton production brought much prosperity to this region, but this wealth was short-lived.

According to electronicsmatter, the Civil War broke out and Alabama sided with the Confederate. In 1861 they cut off from the United States along with several other southern states. Slavery was finally abolished in 1865 and at the end of the Civil War Alabama was rejoined the US in 1868. White domination continued unabated, despite the abolition of slavery. It wasn’t until late in the 20th century that major changes were made to end the exploitation of African Americans and give these people more rights.


Unlike the rest of the state, Alabama’s northern region is mountainous. Here also runs the Tennessee River, which cuts its way through the rural landscape. The result is a beautiful valley where the river branches in various places and has created lakes and streams. This part of the state is also generally a bit colder due to the proximity of the Appalachians. Further south, the influences of the Gulf of Mexico are clearly felt; the climate is subtropical with a lovely temperature, and this almost all year round.

If you can handle the heat, it is no problem to visit Alabama in the summer. The state has the hottest summers in the entire US. It often feels stuffy and clammy with an average temperature of 32 degrees. Tropical rain showers and even hurricanes are quite normal in the summer season and cause a lot of damage every year. Winters are moderate, temperatures rarely drop below freezing and snow is a rather rare phenomenon.


Once the capital of the Confederate southern states, Montgomery is still the capital today, but of one state, Alabama. Now it is a quiet provincial city with almost 202,000 inhabitants, but until half a century ago this was almost unimaginable.

An eventful history

The unrest started not long after the birth of the US. During the American Civil War there were a number of states in the south that cut themselves off from the rest of the United States. In 1861 Montgomery became the official capital of ‘the south’. This was short-lived when the capital was moved to Richmond, Virginia. In 1955, Rosa Parks became a legend for not wanting to give up her seat on the bus. In Alabama, the infamous Ku Klux Klan was active and there was widespread discrimination. This also applies to the buses from Montgomery. A number of rows of seats were reserved for African Americans and if the whites could no longer sit, these seats had to be relinquished as well.

Parks was arrested for this. In response to this, African Americans are boycotting Montgomery’s city buses for 381 days. The boycott ended when the Supreme Court decided to end racial segregation on buses. Montgomery’s city buses have become a household name due to the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

Rosa Parks museum

A museum has been established to commemorate the events on the bus and the racial segregation. Here you can follow the events that took place on a large screen. These include images of the protest. You can also read the official police report against Rosa Parks here. Dive back in time and imagine yourself in the old America where racial segregation was the most natural thing in the world.

Montgomery Zoo

Fun for the kids, but this zoo is also very nice to visit without children. Efforts have been made to allow the animals to live in as natural a habitat as possible. So no cages and animals that are kept on an area of ​​one square meter.

The zoo opened in 1972 and was originally located in Montgomery Park. The zoo was moved due to expansion. The park has no fewer than 700 animal species and is divided into the different continents.
Each continent is represented by a number of animals from that region. There are kangaroos from Australia, Banteng cattle and Bengal tigers from Asia, zebras and gazelles from Africa and monkeys and llamas from South America. Of course, North American animals are also not missing, such as the bison and the moose.

Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts

Since 1930, the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts has been a leading art museum. It has been located in the Wynton M. Blount Cultural Park for more than 20 years. The focus of the museum is on the collection and preservation of art objects and the collection consists mainly of art that comes from America. The museum changes exhibitions quite regularly and there are also a number of permanent items that you can view permanently. It is also a nice museum for children. An interactive program is offered that makes it interesting for both young and old to visit this museum.

Alabama Geography