Aches, pains and backaches
As the uterus expands pains in the back, abdomen, groin area and thighs often appear.Many women also have back pain and pain near the pelvic bone due to pressure of the baby’s head, weight gain, and loosening joints.
To ease some of these aches and pains try:
The application of heat
If you are concerned or pain do not improve, contact your doctor.
The breasts of a woman increase in size and fullness during pregnancy. When approaching maturity, hormonal changes will cause your breasts to get even bigger in preparation for breastfeeding. Your breasts may feel full and heavy, and it can be tender or uncomfortable.
In the third quarter, some pregnant women begin to leak colostrum from your breasts. Colostrum is the first milk that your breasts produce for the baby. It is a thick, yellowish liquid that contains antibodies to protect the newborns infection. In case of leakage becomes embarrassing, put nursing pads inside your bra.
Try these tips to stay comfortable:
Use a soft, comfortable maternity or nursing bra with extra support.
Wash the nipples with water instead of soap. The soap can dry and irritate the nipples. If you have cracked nipples, use a heavy moisturizer that contains lanolin.
Many pregnant women complain of dizziness and lightheadedness during pregnancy. Fainting is rare but still happens in some healthy pregnant women. There are many reasons for these symptoms. The growth of more blood vessels in early pregnancy, the pressure of the uterus on the blood vessels expanding and need to increase the body to feed all can make a pregnant woman feel lightheaded and dizzy.
To feel better, follow these tips:
Stand up slowly.
When you are feeling dizzy, lay down on your left.
Avoid sitting or standing in one position for a long time.
Eat healthy snacks or small meals frequently.
Do not get overheated.
Call your doctor as soon as possible if you faint. Dizziness or lightheadedness can be discussed regularly at antenatal clinics.
Up to 50% of pregnant women get hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum and bulging. They can cause itching, pain and bleeding.
Hemorrhoids are more common during pregnancy for many reasons. During pregnancy there is an enormous increase in the amount of blood in the body. This can cause veins to enlarge. The expanding uterus also puts pressure on the veins in the rectum. More, constipation can make hemorrhoids worse. Hemorrhoids usually improve after delivery.
Follow these tips to help prevent and relieve hemorrhoids:
Drink plenty of fluids
Eat plenty of fiber-rich foods such as whole grains, raw or cooked, green leafy vegetables, and fruits
Try not to strive for evacuations
Talk to your doctor before taking any laxative.
Talk to your doctor about using witch hazel or ice packs to relieve hemorrhoids.
At different times during your pregnancy, you may have cramps in legs or feet. They usually happen at night. This is due to a change in their body processes, or metabolizes, calcium.
Try these tips to prevent and relieve leg cramps:
Eating lots of low-fat foods rich in calcium.
Get the regular light exercise such as walking.
Ask your doctor whether you should take a prenatal vitamin containing calcium.
Gently stretch the muscle to relieve cramps in the legs and feet. If you have a sudden cramp, flex your foot towards your body.
Use heating pads or hot, moist towels to help relax the muscles and relieve cramps in the legs and feet.
nosebleeds and nasal congestion are common during pregnancy. They are caused by the increased amount of blood in his body and hormones acting on nose tissues.
To facilitate nosebleeds blow gently when you blow your nose. Stop nosebleeds, pressing his nose between thumb and finger for a few minutes. If you have bleeding that will not stop in a few minutes or happen often, consult your doctor.
Drinking excess water and use a steam humidifier cold in your room can help relieve nasal congestion. Talk to your doctor before taking any medicine over-the-counter or prescription for colds or nasal congestion.
As the baby grows, the expanding uterus will put pressure on all its organs, including the lungs.You may notice that you are short of breath or not being able to catch your breath.
Tips to ease breathing include:
Take deep, long breaths.
Maintaining a good posture so your lungs have room to expand.
Use an extra pillow and try to sleep on your side to breathe better at night.
Most women develop mild swelling of the face, hands, or ankles at some point in their pregnancies. When approaching maturity, swelling often becomes more noticeable. If you have rapid, significant weight gain or your hands or feet suddenly get very swollen, contact your doctor as soon as possible. It can be a high blood pressure signal called pre-eclampsia or toxemia.
To keep the swelling to a minimum:
Drink 8 to 10 eight-ounce glasses of fluids (water is best) daily.
Try to avoid salty foods.
Rest when you can with your feet elevated.
Ask your doctor about using support hose.
Problems with teeth and gums
Teeth of a pregnant woman and gums need special care. Pregnant women with periodontal disease are more likely to have premature babies with low birth weight. This may result from the transfer of bacteria in the mother’s mouth to the baby during pregnancy. The microbes can reach the baby through the placenta (a temporary organ joining the mother and fetus, which provides the fetus with blood and nutrients) through the amniotic fluid (the fluid surrounding the fetus), and through the woven layer on the stomach mother.
Every pregnant woman should have a complete oral examination before or very early in pregnancy. All dental work needed to be managed at first, because having urgent treatment during pregnancy may pose risks. Interventions can be started to control the risk of gum disease and inflammation. This is also the best time to change habits that can affect the health of teeth and gums, and the baby’s health.
Remember to tell your dentist that you are pregnant! You can ease the bleeding gums by brushing with a toothbrush with soft bristles and flossing at least twice a day. More details on caring for your teeth and gums during pregnancy.
During pregnancy there is an enormous increase in the amount of blood in the body. This can cause veins to enlarge. More pressure on the large veins behind the uterus causes the blood to slow in its return to the heart. For these reasons, varicose veins in the legs and anus (hemorrhoids) are more common in pregnancy.
Varicose veins looking swollen veins raised above the skin surface. They can be twisted or bulging, and are purple or blue in the dark. They are most frequently found on the back of the calf or the inside of the leg.
Try these tips to reduce the chances of varicose veins:
Avoid tight knee high and alloys.
Sit with your legs and feet raised when possible.